Gardens from China are always considered to be expressions of the noble arts, in their aesthetics being reunited philosophical and religious ideas. These gardens have been realized around monasteries and hermitages, representing places for contemplation and collectedness.
The urban gardens reminds to the Europeans many baroque
elements: the prevalence of the curved lines and the contrasting organization
of the nature elements: water – earth, valley – hill.
The Chinese gardens represents a succession of scenes
that reveals different impressions, therefore the visitor always is
surprised and amazed. Although they are creating different sentiments,
the scenes are realized with the help of the elements found in China's
nature: mountains, plains, wastes, rivers, lakes, islands, mountain
or plain vegetation. The art consists in the joining of these elements
so that a calmness atmosphere to be created.
The Taoist philosophy centred upon the living of
nature has generated the water and mountain cult in the Chinese
garden. The water and the stones are the bearers of great symbolic values
and consequently are the pillars of the Chinese garden aesthetic.
The mountain represents the specific element both in
painting and Chinese garden. To Chinese nation the mountain symbolizes
the earth element (Yang – vertical) and also the idea
of immortality place. Many time the Chinese artists replaces
the presence of a genuine mountain with a rocks pile, this thing representing
the continuity of an ancient cultural tradition. The rocks represent
the structure framework of the Earth and the water (Yin –
horizontal), by its movement, symbolizes the living pulse of the Earth.
The mountain and the rock are associated to the expressionist vision
of nature, bringing an philosophical aspect to the garden ensemble and
the water is more lyrical, suggesting a impressionist vision.
As for the garden vegetation, very appreciated are
the flowered shrubs and trees and also the floral masses coloured in
In this space we have intended to respect the MASTER
desire to reflect two souls: the nature soul, represented by vegetal
groups where you will find very delicate chrysanthemums varieties, rocks
piles, and also the gardener soul. He is the creator who tried to realize
an equilibrium closed to that existing in nature, represented by Tai
chi or the unity between Yang and Yin.
According to an ancient Chinese legend, about 3,000
years ago, an emperor was told that the Dragon-fly Island in the Sunrise
Sea (Japan) had a magic herb that would restore his youth. But since
only youth could collect it, he sent a dozen young men and a dozen girls
to the island. They arrived at the island after surviving perilous storms
and attacks by sea serpents and there, they have found a golden