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The Ornamental Section
Emplacement and area
The Ornamental section is situated at the principal
entrance in the "A. Fatu" Botanic Garden, round about the
administrative pavilion and the greenhouses complex. It presents approximately
4 ha area in open air, plus 400 m² in the greenhouses complex and 72,60
m² of solariums destined both to the culture of the species requesting
warmed spaces and the culture of certain exotic species (for cut flowers).
The ornamental section has as the main purpose to
put at the visitors disposal a varied series of decorative plants species,
both herbaceous and ligneous that, by their placement and grouping mode,
by anthesis succession and other features, represents an permanent exhibition
meant not only for recreation and rest but, in the same time, to instruction
About 40 m from the main entrance in the Botanic
Garden, the central alley intersects another alley that, on the right
side, leads to the administrative pavilion.
Follow-up, there is the central parterre, continued also in the Biological
section, decorated by common box (Buxus sempervirens) or common
yew (Taxus baccata) hedges and arabesques and multi-coloured
In this central parterre and the limitrophe areas can be admired collections
and groups of indigenous plants: ornamental graminaceous species, Yucca
bushes and the Narcissus collection.
In the front of the administrative pavilion there is the "dr. Anastasie
Fatu" square, in its middle being installed the bust of this institution
founder, a creation of the plastic artist Eftimie Bârleanu. This
space is cultivated with interesting species and varieties of annual
plants, decorative by flowers, leafs or habitus.
In the surrounding area there is the magnolias collection (Magnolia
kobus, Magnolia x soulangiana).
Starting with spring, in this perimeter flowers different varieties
of snow drops, violets, colchicums, sweet violets, peonies, Californian
poppy, pelargoniums, chrysanthemums or other species originating in
China or Japan. In winter, both the coniferous species and some deciduous
species decorative by fruits (Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Rhus
typhina) can be admired.
On the right side of the entrance in the administrative pavilion there
is a artificial rockery where decorative species are cultivated. On
the right side of the alley separating the Ornamental and the Globe
Flora sections are cultivated gladioli and peonies. In the greenhouses
compartment exists a valuable collection of chrysanthemums varieties
including 215 taxa.
In autumn, all these varieties are exhibited on the main alley, in front
of the administrative pavilion and in the Exhibition Complex. There
can be admired cascade, pyramid, tree or shrub forms of chrysanthemums
varieties, most of them being exposed for the first time in Romania
in "A. Fatu" Botanic Garden.
The Ornamental Section is focused on:
- conservation of the species in collections presenting scientific
and aesthetic value;
- introduction, multiplication and preservation of the genetic
resources of the ornamental species from the Romania's spontaneous
- presentation of indigenous and exotic perennial species.
The subsection for the sightless persons
Emplacement and area
The subsection for the sightless persons has been
organized in 1991 and it is located at the left part of the administrative
pavilion, on the alley which guides the visitors to greenhouse nr. 12.
The approximately 30 cultivated species presents explanatory labels
both in Latin and Braille alphabets.
The subsection for the sightless persons is destined
to the persons that are completely or partially blind.
The species presented
here are characterized by a high content in essential oils, glycosides,
resins, balsams, tannins, alkaloids, phytocides and vegetal insecticides.
They are emanating strong odours when are touched, facilitating their