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The Systematic Section


Allium obliquumAmygdalus nanaAsphodeline luteaGinkgo bilobaLiriodendron tulipiferaSchivereckia podolicaTanacetum macrophyllum

Emplacement and area

The systematic section is situated in the immediate proximity of the main entrance in "A. Fatu" Botanic Garden, on the left side of the central axis, where, on a 4.5 ha area, 700 herbaceous and lignaceous taxa are cultivated and distributed according to their natural similarities in divisions, orders and families.

Description

The terrain allocated to this section is crossed by a series of radial and circular alleys permitting the sightseeing and presenting in the same time a scientific role (phylogenetic) because they are separating the orders and families. A three meters wide circular alley separates the dialipetalous orders (polypetalous corollas – the petals are not joined) situated in the section's centre by the sympetalous orders (the petals are joined) situated at the periphery of this section.
Alongside the entrance, on the left side, can be observed two specimens of Metasequoia gliptostroboides (Taxodiaceae), species known only as a fossil plant until 1941 when it has been discovered by two Chinese students, Cheng and Hu, growing in the forests from centre of China.

At the entrance in the Systematic section, on three sides of a small rectangular space there are the busts of three ex-directors of the Botanic Garden:
  • Prof. dr. Constantin Papp
  • Prof. dr. Constantin Burduja
  • Prof. dr. Emilian Topa
From this point, two alleys bordered by Thuja occidentalis 'Fastigiata' are splitting and are delimiting a wide parterre decorated by common box (Buxus sempervirens) and roses. Among these plants, in spring, flower numerous narcissi (Narcissus poeticus ssp. radiiflorus).
Right in the centre of the section, around the water basin presenting aquatic species and an "Auditorium" (construction of stone and wood) are grouped the representatives of Ranunculaceae, Berberidaceae, Lardizabalaceae, Ebenaceae etc. families.
In the same place, there are two rockeries presenting rare or endemic species from the Romanian flora. A fountain realized in Moldavian style increases the cultural patrimony of the Systematic section.

In the Systematic section can also be found:
  • representatives of Oleaceae family, represented by collections of Ligustrum, Fraxinus and Syringa genera;
  • numerous representatives of Asteraceae (Compositae) family;
  • representatives of Brassicaceae family (Erysimum witmanni, Alyssum borzaeanum and Schivereckia podolica);
  • representatives of Caryophyllaceae family, characterized by a great number of rare and protected species, cultivated on the rockery specially reserved for this family: Cerastium banaticum, Petrorhagia illyrica and Dianthus tenuifolius;
  • representatives of Liliaceae, Poaceae, Fagaceae, Lamiaceae, Scrophulariaceae etc. families.

Theme

By its themes, the Systematic section is addressing especially to pupils and students. It offers them a living background necessary to the understanding of the unity and diversity of the living world and helps them to form a scientific conception about world and life.

University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" of Iasi

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