Emplacement and area
The World Flora section is placed in the north -
western part of the "A. Fatu" Botanic Garden and presents
approximately 12,41 ha area. The terrain includes a fragment of the
garden's plateau and two slopes accentuate inclined under the influence
of active landfalls. The plants cultivated there have been grouped taking
into account their origin and have been distributed according to the
natural and mixed landscape architecture styles.
The access to World Flora section is realized by a
alley situated in the proximity of a rockery (400 m2) where are cultivated
succulent species from Mexican deserts, most of them included in Agavaceae,
Cactaceae and Crassulaceae botanic families. Those
species, presenting succulent stems or leafs, are protected in winter
in the greenhouses complex.
In the front of this rockery there is an "solar
clock" having the 12 hours points marked by 12 brownstones spheres
brought from the Feleac hill. In its centre there is a larger sphere
that is sending its shadow (in each hour) on the sphere corresponding
to the respective hour. In the immediate vicinity of this rockery, the
plants originating in Central and South America cultivated in our climate
as annual species are exposing their bright and diverse coloured flowers:
Ageratum, Cosmos, Eschscholtzia (Californian
poppy), Petunia, Portulaca etc.
The representatives of Central and Northern Europe
flora are species met in the boreal forests edified by coniferous (pine,
spruce fir, European larch, juniper) or deciduous trees (beech, oak,
hornbeam, hazelnut). Together with some herbaceous species, the trees
are grouped near the "Alpinarium" named rockery. This ecological
environment is realized of calcareous rocks, on an inclined terrain,
presents approximately 2000 m² and groups together species characteristic
to European mountains; among that some rare species as Aethionema thomasianum,
Horminum pyrenaicum can be admired by the visitors. A smaller rockery
realized of granitic rocks, is destined to calcifugal plants cultivation.
The elements of pontic – pannonic steppe are
grouped on an arid and sunny terrain of 2 ha area, covered in natural
vegetation preserved since the beginnings of the Botanic Garden: Prunus
fruticosa (European dwarf), Prunus tenella (dwarf Russian
almond), Rosa gallica (gallic rose), Adonis vernalis
(spring pheasant’s eye), Pulsatilla nigricans etc.
Among species characteristic to Turkestan flora,
in our climate conditions vegetates Ulmus pumila var. pinnato-ramosa,
Malus sieversii (very decorative by its leafs and intense red-violet
flowers), Fraxinus potamophylla etc.
Among species characteristic to Balkan flora, in
this section are cultivated Forsythia europaea (forsythia),
Paliurus spina-christi (Jerusalem thorn), Petteria ramentacea
and Periploca graeca (silkvine). In the immediate vicinity
are cultivated species characteristic to Mediterranean basin: Buxus
sempervirens (common box), Prunus laurocerasus (cherry
laurel), Pyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn), Ilex
aquifolium (English holly), Lonicera etrusca (Etruscan
honeysuckle). Some Mediterranean elements can be found in the spontaneous
flora from south and south – western parts of our country: Acer
monspessulanum (Montpelier maple), Carpinus orientalis
(oriental hornbeam), Castanea sativa (European chestnut) etc.
A sunny rockery presents species traditionally cultivated by Romanian
people: Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop), Lavandula officinalis
(lavender), Mathiola incana and Salvia officinalis
(common sage) etc.
Descending the Vineyard Alley, on the left side,
are situated the rocky groupings that are offering images of the species
characteristic to central Asiatic mountains. The elements of the boreal
Asiatic coniferous woods (Picea obovata – Siberian spruce)
are accompanied by some deciduous species, very decorative: Caragana
arborescens (Siberian peashrub), Staphylea emodi (Himalayan
bladdernut), Juglans mandshurica (Manchurian walnut) and Menispermum
dauricum (Asian moonseed).
Representatives of the Caucasian flora are grouped
depending on their origin: Caucasian forests (Abies nordmanniana
– Nordmann fir, Picea orientalis – Caucasian spruce,
Celtis caucasica – Caucasian hackberry, Acer opalus),
colchidic elements (Andrachne colchica – Caucasian spurge,
Dioscorea caucasica, Staphylea colchica – colchis
bladdernut) and species from Caucaz Mountains (Arabis caucasica,
Brunnera macrophylla, Puschkinia scilloides, Sedum
The diversified flora of the extreme orient is represented
by species already acclimatized in our country: Pinus thunbergii
(Japanese black pine), Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle),
magnolia, sweet cherry and apple species. By the banking process of
the Vineyards rivulet two islands that will be used to present species
from Japanese flora, have been contoured.
The largest part of this sub-section, respectively
the western oriented slope, is reserved to Chinese and Korean flora
presentation. The presence of a small rivulet completes the landscape,
on the watersides being planted the bamboo (Phyllostachys viridi-glaucescens)
and willows (Salix babylonica and Salix matsudana ‘Tortuosa’).
Among the most interesting species we can mention: Ginkgo biloba,
Actinia arguta, Akebia quinata, Euodia hupehensis,
Schisandra chinensis etc. The herbaceous flora is represented
by species of Hemerocallis, Hosta, Incarvillea
On the western slope of the Vineyards Valley, a 5,5
ha area is reserved to North America flora presentation. The species
are grouped in three subdivisions: Canadian boreal forest, Pacific coastal
forest and Atlantic coastal forest. Among the numerous species cultivated
there, Juniperus virginiana, Pinus banksiana, Pinus
strobus, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Acer saccharinum,
Carpinus caroliniana, Quercus rubra, Amorpha fruticosa,
Aronia melanocarpa, Desmodium canadense, species of
Cotoneaster and Crataegus genera can be remarked.
The herbaceous plants are numerous, most of them very decorative: Acuan
illinoensis, Aster sp., Coreopsis sp., Monarda
sp., Penstemon sp., Rudbeckia sp.
Walking through the World Flora section, the visitor
can form to himself a general image of the flora from different geographic
regions of the Earth.