The Renaissancentist Italian Garden
In the Renaissance period the garden was representing
a demonstration of all that human being can realize in struggle with
nature. The Renaissance gardens were not realized for promenade or meditation
but to be looked as artistic operas or for pure aesthetic contemplation.
By this perspective, nature can be beautiful when is logical and organized,
when it represents a form materializing an idea.
Towards nature, the human being was in a mathematical
report that has conducted to the apparition of the so-called architectonic
type of garden. This type treats the garden as a created, calculated
artistic object. Here, mathematics meet poetry, science meets fantasy
and rigidity meets freedom. The common characteristics of all these
gardens are the geometric lines, the prevalent use of evergreen plants
in regular shapes and the constant presence of statues and fountains.
The Renaissancentist garden conception has been born
from the desire to find the just equilibrium between reason rigors and
creative fantasy. Frequently, the garden was associated to a place
of delights: refuge for intellectuals, artists, mans of letters,
place for meditation and special spiritual states during festive moments
and scenic representations.
The all'italiana garden has been conceived
in the XV-th century in Florence. One of the first constructions
having a Italian garden was the Villa Medici, situated near
In this garden type we have replaced the dark green
colour of the evergreen shrubs with the cheerful shades of some chrysanthemums
varieties. In this way we have outlined the specific parters to the
Italian garden where you will find classic representations of some strict
geometric shapes, exclusively realized from chrysanthemums combined
with elements from the topiary art.